Hematoma in most cases is a medical complication that follows surgery. It is as a result of blood collecting over the surface of the spot of the surgical operation, which is often caused by the tearing of a blood vessel passing through the spot. Severity of hematoma will depend on the individual and can go away after sometime without any treatment.
Hematoma is often caused by poor aftercare after a major surgical operation. Though hematoma will go away naturally without any form of treatment, it is often advised that you seek medical help once you notice it. Hematoma is often associated with poorly conducted medical surgery. However, certain medication like blood thinners can contribute to the formation of Hematoma. Aspirin being a typical blood thinner inhibits the formation of clot, thus making the body more prone to develop hematoma after an incision. Other less common causes of hematoma include hypertension, consuming alcohol in excess, over stretching the ligaments during exercise etc.
Symptoms of Hematoma after Surgery
Below are some of the common symptoms that accompany hematoma after surgery
- Operated site suffers pains
- The skin beneath the affected area develops a purple or bluish discoloration
- The site of operation may suffer slight bleeding
- Symptoms like compression of surrounding tissue may accompany larger hematoma. This will then lead to a condition known as necrosis which occurs when tissues surrounding the affected spot die off.
- Hematoma worsens if any form of infection is present. This leads to the discharge of pus like substance, itching at the affected spot and then redness.
Treatment of Hematoma
Less severe hematoma can be resolved in a matter of days and so may not need medical attention. But if the hematoma is large sized, then here are some treatments that can be followed.
- Incision and drainage. This is achieved by opening an existing wound and then draining off the accumulated blood.
- If the hematoma is medium sized, then anti-inflammatory and analgesics can be effective. But drugs like ibuprofen and acetaminophen has to be avoided at all cost because they lead to the thinning of the blood.
- To minimize internal bleeding thus stimulating increased re-absorption of blood, apply ice of towel dipped in cold water on the affected spot. Good rest is also needful
- To ease the pain and itchiness which accompanies Hematoma, drugs like Silica, Bryonia Alba and Sepia which are homeopathic drugs can be taken several times a day.
Applying turmeric powder on the site of operation can effectively prevent secondary infection. It is equally important to avoid pressing or massaging the affected spot. Proper body posture plays a big role in healing. This is because gravity helps drain away accumulated healing thus stimulating rapid healing.
Aside the bones and cartilage, every other part of the body can be affected by blood clot. Often times, blood clot is what follows an injury. Clots are meant to stop a severed part of the body from bleeding after an injury. But if it happens that the surface of the skin did not break when bruised or injured, blood will coagulated under the affected spot, forming clot which compresses the surrounding tissue, and in so doing causes pain and discomfort.
Blood clot in the finger
- The finger is more prone to injury than most other parts of the body. For instance, it is very easy to get the fingers slammed against a door without the body reacting immediately.
- The blood clot is often considered as blood blisters
- When the finger gets affected by blood clot or blood blisters, it causes blood, lymph and some other internal body fluids to accumulate right under the surface of the skin.
- It often takes a red color especially when the injury is fresh. But as days falls into weeks and into months, the color will change from red to purple and then to brown.
- Blood clot will hurt a little bit especially within the first few days due to the bruised part of the skin.
- Blood clot does not cause inflammation neither does it cause extended growth from the surface of the skin.
But in extreme case, blood clot can cause the affected spot on the skin to rise shoot up a little bit.
Home remedies for blood clot on the finger
Prevention is important here. Avoiding blood from forming in the first place will probably be the best thing to do. But of course it may be simple but not easy. So the next best thing to do is to do is to find the right treatment for the blood clot.
You can try your hands on any of the following techniques
- Once the injury occurs, raise your hands to an elevated position. Raising the arms reduces blood supply to the extremity, reducing the amount of clot formed.
- Applying pressure to the affected area once after an injury is also effective. Doing this ensures blood flows properly, without clotting.
- Soak a piece of clean cloth material in water and then apply it on the affected spot. This improves blood circulation, causing the coagulated blood to be eliminated naturally.
- For faster relieve, apply Epsom salt on the affected area as doing so will help improve blood circulation and at the same time reduce swellings.
- On no account should you break the blisters or open the clotted area as doing makes the body susceptible to bacterial infestation. Turmeric powder can also be applied on the affected area so as to quicken healing and keep away infection.
- But if the blood clot is way too large, obstructing the flow of blood, then it will have to be drained. But this has to be done by a professional in a sterile environment. Incision and drainage may be required if the clot causes pains.