Monthly Archives: October 2015

What is Ruptured Ulcer? – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Peptic ulcer which affects the inner lining of the esophagus, duodenum and stomach, is the most common type of ulcer, affecting 20 million American every year. Quite a number of symptoms are associated with peptic ulcer, but this will depend on the point of rupture.

Ruptured ulcer has to receive immediate medical attention to avoid the condition from worsening. In this post, you will get to see the causes of ruptured ulcer and also all the associated symptoms.

Ulcer is a medical term used to describe the rupturing of the mucosal skin lining. One of the major symptoms of ulcer is severe inflammation, accompanied by burning sensation and pain.

The rupturing at times penetrates the walls of the stomach, reaching further to the other side of the stomach’s wall. Though peptic ulcer mostly affects the gastrointestinal tract, it also affects other organs.

Ruptured ulcer is life threatening because it causes bleeding, ascites and peritonitis.

Causes of Ruptured Peptic Ulcer

Though any body organ can be affected by rupture ulcer, the peptic ulcer is affected the most. Some of the factors responsible for ruptured ulcer include; burns, H. Pylori, mechanical injury, abuse of alcohol, and use of anti-inflammatory drugs.

Risk factors for peptic ulcer depend on the organ involved. Below are some identified risk factors

  • Ageing
  • Arthritis, fibromyalgia and chronic back pain
  • Habits like excess consumption of alcohol and caffeinated products.
  • Incessant stress
  • Clinical disorders like diabetes and thyroid increases the chances of ruptured ulcer.

Symptoms of ruptured ulcer

Symptoms of peptic ulcer will depend on the organ affected. Below are some of the common symptoms of the condition

  • Acute burning sensation and gnawing
  • Vomiting and persistent nausea
  • Weakness, fever and malaise
  • Internal bleeding due to damaged blood vessel
  • Ascites (inflammation of the abdomen) and peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneal region)

Treatment for ruptured ulcer

When the ulcer gets ruptured, medical attention has to be sought immediately. Surgical operation becomes a must if the blood vessel has been damaged by inflammation. Surgical operation will involve stitching the ruptured wall to stop bleeding. The best preventive approach to ruptured ulcer, is getting rid of unhealthy habits such as excessive consumption of alcohol.

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Causes and Treatments of Black or Brown Worms In Stools

Children are very prone to black or brown worms attacking their intestines. Medical attention has to be sought if this condition is noticed in them because it often times leads to malnourishment.

In extreme cases, black or brown worms lead to medical conditions like allergic reaction and obstruction of the intestines. Presence of worm in the intestines isn’t exclusive to children alone as even adults do suffer from the condition.

Quick facts about Brown worms in stool

  • Age and gender is not a determinant
  • Typical worms include round worms, whip and hookworms. This set of worms, known as helminthes can be seen by the human eye, and they constitute 30% of worm family.
  • When present in a person, the individual can experience weight loss, unquenchable graving of food, pains in the abdomen, tiredness, itching of the anus, bouts of headache and fever, vomiting sensation, anemia, diarrhea and irritability.
  • Diagnosis will include; ultrasound testing of the abdomen, examination of medical history, physical examination, and examining the stool for the presence of ova and cysts.
  • Leads to debilitating health condition
  • When this worms invade the body, they secret toxic substances and feed on vital body nutrient and in so doing causes further health problems.

Reasons why worms are present in stools

  • Consuming contaminated water and food
  • Worms like hookworms can be contacted by making contacts with the soil. This is particularly true when someone walks barefooted.
  • Poor hygiene
  • Contaminated air
  • Staying in a filthy and dirty environment exposes worm to this deadly worms
  • Making contacts with an infected patient
  • Mosquito bites

Treatment for worms in stools

  • Taking anti-helminthes drugs can effectively flush out the worms
  • Surgery will be needed if the worms have blocked the intestines
  • Eating garlic can also be effective in the treatment of worms. This is because garlic contains lots of Sulphur which kills of these worms and at the same time strengthens the immune system of the body.
  • Worms thrive in the presence of meaty foods, processed food and refined carbohydrate. So one good way to get rid of them is by eliminating these foods from one’s diet.
  • Only boiled water and well cooked food should be taken
  • Kids should be discouraged from playing on bare soils. But if they must, they will have to wear footwear and should be dewormed frequently
  • Good hygiene practices should be strictly adhered to. Good hygiene is as simple as getting the hands washed, washing bed spreads and wearing clean clothes.
  • Extreme caution has to be exercised when eating or taking water when traveling.
  • The anal area has to be thoroughly cleaned after making use of the toilet.
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Bleeding Diathesis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Bleeding diathesis is basically an abnormal bleeding condition which in most cases is caused by hypocoagulability, a condition caused when the body’s coagulation system becomes faulty.  There are different kinds of this condition, and they range from mild to lethal.

Several etiological factors are responsible for bleeding diathesis. Of the factors, insufficient clotting happens to be the most common.

  • Acquired Cause: Some of the acquired caused of bleeding diathesis are liver failure, intravascular coagulation, insufficient vitamin K, and anticoagulation with warfarin. Additionally, venoms from certain species of snakes can also cause bleeding diathesis. Vipers, rattlesnakes and bothrops are typical of such snake.

Other causes include leukemia, and viral hemorrhagic fever like dengue.

  • Genetics: People who naturally don’t have the genes needed for the synthesis of protein are very likely to have faulty clotting mechanism. Genetic diseases like Von Willebrand and hemophilia are the major causes of coagulopathy. A person who has either parents suffering from bleeding diathesis, will 95% of the time suffer the same condition. So, genetically transmitted bleeding problems and coagulopathies are gender based, majorly affecting the X chromosome.
  • Autoimmune causes: Certain autoimmune conditions are responsible for coagulation disorders. They are linked to coagulation factors known in medicine as inhibitors of coagulation. Factor VIII is the major inhibitor. One major clotting disorder caused by autoimmune causes is Anti-phospholipid syndrome.

Common symptoms of bleeding diathesis

Some of the common manifestations of bleeding diathesis are given below:

  • Recurrent and spontaneous bruising. Frequent appearing of big bruises on the part of your body most exposed to the skin can be indicative of bleeding disorder.
  • Failure of the skin to stop bleeding after a minor cut or abrasion
  • Frequently occurring nosebleeds is also a common symptom. This is particularly true when they last more than 10 minutes even after compressing the nose. People suffering from Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome suffer this condition the most.
  • Acute menorrhagia caused by anemia is another symptom.
  • Severe bleeding after a dental surgery is also indicative of bleeding diathesis. There are instances when the gum bleeds even in the absence of gingival disease, and without brushing and flossing. This condition can sometimes be caused by chronic leukemia.
  • Presence of blood in stool
  • Acute post-partum hemorrhage
  • Excessive bleeding after receiving an injection

Diagnosis and techniques for treating bleeding diathesis

It is important you immediately consult with a doctor once you suspect bleeding diathesis. You must first determine the exact cause of your condition before commencing treatment. You will be required to do several series of test to help your healthcare provider determine the exact cause of your condition. The most common tests are:

  • Blood film
  • Vitamin K profile
  • Platelet count
  • Bone marrow biopsy
  • Liver function test
  • Prothrombin time
  • Gene analysis
  • Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)

Treatment procedure will largely depend on the actual cause of the condition. Treatment isn’t complete without frequent visits. While gender based bleeding disorder is mostly suffered by males, females also suffer from the condition especially during childbirth and when menstruating.

Genetic counseling will be needed by those whose bleeding condition is genetically based.

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Causes Of Sweet Smelling Urine: Treatment For Sweet Odor In Urine

Most often healthy people that consume enough water hardly produce urine with strong odor. The strong odor or smell urine gives out sometimes indicates abnormality. Though it doesn’t necessarily mean it is a disease. It could be caused by the intake of some food or drug or might the sign for an unknown medical condition.

The smell of urine varies ranging from a sweet smell to its exact opposite of a foul smell. The concentration of the urine and also the excretion of certain waste product from the kidney have a role to play in the smell of urine. Urine with a normal odor means the chemical concentration of the urine is not high.

The production of sweet smelling urine is a method of diagnosing diabetes, this is because the sweet smell of the urine is formed from the presence of excess ketone in the body. However, Diabetes is not the only health condition that has sweet smelling urine.

What Makes the Urine to Have a Sweet Smell?

Most times urine that has a sweet smell indicates diabetes but not always. Nowadays diabetes mellitus is now a common illness for people. It is a medical condition that is caused by the presence of excess sugar in the blood a term called “Hyperglycemia” and it occurs because of the insufficient insulin in the body. It is capable of affecting fat, carbohydrate and electrolyte metabolic activity in the body.

The sweet smell of urine most often is as a result of uncontrolled diabetes which means the blood sugar level is relatively low. This sweet smell comes from ketone that is passed into the urine and this condition is called “Ketoacidosis.”

You could still produce sweet smelling urine even if you are not diabetic or your diabetes is under control. This can happen if you are fasting or keeping to a particular diet during this period ketone will be passed into your urine and make it smell sweet.

Maple sugar urine disease that usually affects children though it is rare is another cause of sweet smelling urine. It occurs as result of genetic disorder. The reason why it was given that name is because it has the smell of maple syrup. Aside from its sweet smell it also has other neurological symptoms. This disease causes affected children to suffer from mental retardation but it does not affect adults.

The intake of insufficient water can also can the urine to have a strong smell due to its high concentration.

Treatments For Strong Sweet Odor In Urine

The major way to treat sweet smelling urine is by controlling diabetes. Diabetes does not have a cure but it can be controlled. Due to modernization there are now many anti-diabetic medicines available. Alternately, you can use home remedies that can effectively help to control the diabetes alongside the mainline treatment.

  • Java plum fruit otherwise called Syzygium Jambolium is a purple colored fruit that is capable of keeping the blood sugar level balanced. The juice can be taken consistently after extracting it form the pulp. Alternatively, the seed can be dried and grounded and one teaspoon of it should be taken once a day.
  • The use of Fenugreek is another way to control blood sugar level. Soak about 10-15 seeds of fenugreek in water to stay overnight and take it early in the morning with either milk or water.
  • Drinking the juice of bitter gourd early in the morning can help control the blood sugar level of uncontrolled diabetes because it contains insulin.
  • It is important to follow a diabetic diet especially the one that has less sugar and more proteins as it can help control calories. Rather than taking 3 large meals a day you can split it into 6 small meals daily. Stay away from sweet things like candies, ice cream, confectioneries and so on.
  • Consume more salads and vegetables.
  • Regular short exercise can also help manage diabetes.
  • Avoid excess fasting or dieting because it can lead to ketonuria and as well make your urine to have a sweet smell besides other negative effect it has on your health.
  • Most importantly try practicing yoga and meditation regularly in order to reduce your stress and mental strain.
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