What Causes Fetal Tachycardia? Its Symptoms And Treatment Options

Tachycardia is a medical condition associated with increase in the heart’s beat rate. Compared with adults, fetuses have a higher beat rate. But there are some instances where fetuses suffer fetal tachycardia. All you need to know about this condition is contained in this article.

Fetal tachycardia is a very uncommon medical condition, occurring once in every 10,000 births. Certain factors responsible for fetal tachycardia have been identified. Immediate medical treatment has to be sought immediately the symptoms of the ailment have been identified as doing so reduces morbidity rate.

Causes and symptoms of Fetal Tachycardia

A heart suffering from fetal tachycardia beats at over 160 pulse per minute. Though this condition isn’t really harmful, below are some of the symptoms associated with the ailment

  • Maternal fever which eventually leads to maternal ketosis
  • Anxiety and dehydration on the part of the mother leads to fetal tachycardia on the part of the fetus.
  • Intake of anticholinergic drugs can also lead to increased heart beat rate in a fetus.
  • Preterm fetus are at higher risk of suffering fetal tachycardia
  • Thyrotoxicosis and anemia on the part of the mother is also responsible for fetal tachycardia
  • A fetus with congenital heart or fetal arrhythmia will very likely suffer from fetal tachycardia.
  • Fetal movement is yet another cause of fetal tachycardia

Here are some symptoms associated with fetal tachycardia

  • Fuzzy feelings
  • Consistent fatigue and sleepiness
  • Altered pallor

Treatment for Fetal Tachycardia

Advance in medical technology has made it possible for fetal tachycardia in-utero. Treatment involves using techniques which helps reduce the heart beat rate of the fetus while also preventing the condition from reoccurring in the future.

Treatment may also involve taking corrective steps in treating the problem. Iron and thyroxin are used in managing the problem as they help control hyperthyroidism. It is important that the mother takes sufficient water. Only medication prescribed by a qualified doctor should be taken.

For effective treatment, homeopathic treatment should be taking alongside conventional treatment therapy for fetal tachycardia. Merc Sol and Aurum Metallicum are excellent treatment therapy provided they are taken in moderate dosage. Homeopathic therapy unlike most other therapies does not cause any allergic reaction.

Below are some other treatment therapies that can be used in managing fetal tachycardia

  • Radio frequency ablation: This treatment technique is particularly useful if the condition proves life threatening. It involves placing catheters over the spot where the pulse is generated. They use electrical impulses in controlling the beat rate of the heart
  • If the fetus is suffering from acute arrhythmia, then an artificial pacemaker will be needed to keep the heart’s beat at optimal level. The pacemaker makes use of electrical impulse in controlling the heart’s pulse.

There is limited understanding of fetal tachycardia in the medical community and so treatment options are very limited. But with more research being commissioned, the hope of finding a permanent solution in the future has increased.

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