Small skin spots which can be dark red, purple or maroon are known as Petechiae, closely linked with sub-dermal or sub-mucosal bleeding formed as a result of damaged capillaries.
Petechiae are usually a trivial matter most times since they are settled without the need of medical treatment. Petechiae most often noticed in patients with platelet or coagulation disorders although it is widespread among the general public.
Sometimes different petechiae may combine into a bigger spot whose diameter is a few centimeters and is referred to as a purpura or might occupy a bigger area which is called an ecchymosiswhile a petechiaeis used to refer to spots whose size is less than a few millimeters.
A distinguishing trait of petechiae spots is that they are not decolorized when a force is applied and are not easily noticeable. Though they may exist in face and neck areas, they are more often noticed around the feet and the ankles. Fatty tissue present in the sole of the feet is the reason for the absence of Petechiae spots in that area.
Causes Of Petechiae
The development of petechiae can be triggered by specific factors. While some factors cause a person to develop the condition. Some of these factors are;
- Aging skin
- Direct trauma or as a result of injury leading to damage to capillaries.
- Sudden elevation in the abdominal pressure or the cranial pressure as a result of vomiting, sneezing, laughing or stool straining.
- Thrombocytopenia or low platelet count.
- specific medications which include aspirin, clopidogrel, warfarin, among others
- cancer patients or Leukemia patients on radio or chemo therapy.
- Infections resulting from septicemia or bacteremia.
- Autoimmune disorders
Various tests are carried out so as to pinpoint the precise cause of the condition sinve the treatment regiment will be based on the underlying cause. These investigations include Partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time, platelet count and bleeding time. Also, full blood count is carried out to measure the different blood cells proportion.
How To Prevent And Treat Petechiae Naturally?
In most situations, petechiae is resolved within a few days without any form of treatment, but the following are tips that may aid in averting the creation of petechiae spots
- Avoid carrying heavy weights or straining while stooling. These activities can result in elevated internal pressure which result in damage to capillaries and cause bleeding
- Avoid surplus consumption of food like garlic, onions among others. These food are natural blood thinners and stall the coagulation process which elevates the risk of petechiae formation.
- Consult your physician to determine if petechiae are side effects of medications that you are ingesting.
- A healthy skin regiment is crucial. Make sure walnut oil or avocado oil is applied on the skin to enhance its elasticity and texture, aging and loose skin is more likely to get petechiae in comparison to a healthy skin
- Taking Vitamin K supplements either intramuscularly or orally can aid in enhancing the coagulation ability of the blood and also avert petechiae marks.
The following are some natural options of treatment for managing petechiae marks and spots on the skin;
- Application of ice pacts locally around the location of the injuries can aid in averting petechiae stops on the skin
- Homeopathic drug Arnica Montana is known to be significant in battling petechiae ad hemorrhage spots
- Dandelion roots helps in enhancing the liver functions and elevating the properties of coagulation of the blood and averting petechiae spots from occurring.